The production area located in the north-eastern part of Sardinia extends almost entirely across the old OlbiaTempo province, with an appendage in the nearby province of Sassari. The area close the sea, is characterized by smooth granite rocks shaped by wind and water, and surrounded by a thick and characteristic Mediterranean scrub. The inner part is instead marked by oak trees, cork and olive groves, almost as if protecting the ancient buildings.
The subsoil is mainly composed of granite rock, covered with variable thicknesses of coarse-grained sand, sometimes mixed with clay and thin layers of micro-elements supporting the vegetation growth. These sandy soils, are generally more suitable for viticulture and provide fragrant, pleasant and heady wines.. Combined with unique climatic and environmental factors, sun and constant wind, Gallura is one of the most suitable Italian areas for viticulture, in particular for cultivating the Vermentino grape, which is found both at sea level as well as the mountain slopes, up to 500 meters above sea level.
The climate is warm and temperate, and characterized by mild winters. Rain fall is mostly concentrated in autumn and winter, during the dormancy period of the vine, with some light rainfall in spring when the plants start to awake, and in any case less than 700 mm per year. Constant breezes characterize the Gallura area. They ensure the grape’s healthy growth especially in the coastal areas as the wind in these areas is particularly salty.
Vermentino di Gallura DOCG, already DOC since 1976, gained the DOCG appellation in 1996. The origin of the vermentino grape presumed to be Spanish, and it was likely to have been introduced to Sardinia between the 15th and 18th centuries. This was reported by 20th century scholars who were ai priori advocates of an extra-island derivation. Findings of organic material in some wine containers, and other traces in some askoid jugs, found in various archaeological areas of Gallura, have highlighted the existence of a flourishing wine-making activity in the Nuragic period, in particular in the Middle and Recent Bronze Age (1400-1200 BC). The Vermentino grape was first mentioned by the historian Vittorio Angius in Gallura. it was originally cultivated as a table grape, as is remembered by the agronomist Count of Rovasenda (1877).
Vermentino di Gallura wine styles
The younger type has a light straw yellow color, the nose shows a delicate floral and slightly almond notes. Mineral and slightly acidic this type is suitable for an aperitif or a light lunch.
Vermentino di Gallura Superiore
This type is usually aged on the lees for at least 9 months after the harvest, in some cases in medium to large wooden barrels or barriques. The color is golden with a clear and clean aroma provided by rich mineral compounds. Floral notes, ripe white-fleshed fruits alongside the typical almondy finish, in this case more subdued, always make it recognizable.
Vermentino di Gallura D.O.C.G. can also be Sparkling, Late Harvest and Passito.